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Gastrointestinal perforation

  • Alternative Names

    Intestinal perforation; Perforation of the intestines


    Perforation of the intestine leads to leakage of intestinal contents into the abdominal cavity. This causes inflammation called peritonitis.

    Symptoms may include:

    • Abdominal pain - severe
    • Chills
    • Fever
    • Nausea
    • Vomiting

    Signs and tests

    X-rays of the chest or abdomen may show air in the abdominal cavity (not in the stomach or intestines), suggesting a perforation. CT scan of the abdomen often shows the location of the perforation. The white blood cell (WBC) count is often higher than normal.