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Goiter - simple

  • Alternative Names

    Simple goiter


    The main symptom is a swollen thyroid gland. The size may range from a single small nodule to a large neck lump.

    The swollen thyroid can put pressure on the windpipe and esophagus, which can lead to:

    • Breathing difficulties (may rarely occur with very large goiters)
    • Cough
    • Hoarseness
    • Swallowing difficulties

    There may be neck vein swelling and dizziness when the arms are raised above the head.

    Signs and tests

    The doctor will feel your neck as you swallow. The doctor may be able to feel swelling in the area.

    Tests that may be done include:

    • Free thyroxine (T4)
    • Thyroid scan and uptake
    • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • Ultrasound of thyroid

    If nodules are found on ultrasound, a biopsy should be done to check for thyroid cancer.