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Gums - swollen

  • Definition

    Swollen gums are abnormally enlarged, bulging, or protruding.

    Alternative Names

    Swollen gums; Gingival swelling


    Gum swelling is quite common and may involve one or many of the triangular-shaped bits of gum between nearby teeth. These sections are called papillae.

    Occasionally, the gums swell significantly, blocking the teeth completely.

    Common Causes
    • Gingivitis
    • Infection by a virus or fungus
    • Malnutrition
    • Poorly fitting dentures
    • Pregnancy
    • Sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash
    • Scurvy
    • Side effect of a drug such as Dilantin or phenobarbital