• Alternative Names

    Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome; Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome


    The early symptoms of hantavirus disease are similar to the flu and include:

    • Chills
    • Fever
    • Muscle aches

    People with hantavirus may begin to feel better for a very short amount of time, but within 1-2 days, it becomes hard to breathe. The disease gets worse quickly. Symptoms include:

    • Dry cough
    • General ill feeling (malaise)
    • Headache
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Shortness of breath

    Signs and tests

    The health care provider will perform a physical exam. This may reveal:

    • Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
    • Kidney failure
    • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
    • Low blood oxygen levels, which cause the skin to turn a blue color

    The folllowing tests may be done:

    • Blood tests to check for signs of hantavirus
    • Complete blood count (CBC)
    • Complete metabolic panel
    • Kidney and liver function tests
    • X-ray of the chest