First aid - heart attack; First aid - cardiopulmonary arrest; First aid - cardiac arrest
- Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm.
- Loosen any tight clothing.
- Ask if the person takes any chest pain medication for a known heart condition.
- Help the person take the medication (usually nitroglycerin, which is placed under the tongue).
- If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical help.
- If the person is
unconsciousand unresponsive, call 911 (or your local emergency number), then begin CPR.
- If an infant or child is unconscious and unresponsive, perform 1 minute of CPR, then call 911.
- Do NOT leave the person alone except to call for help, if necessary.
- Do NOT allow the person to deny the symptoms and convince you not to call for emergency help.
- Do NOT wait to see if the symptoms go away.
- Do NOT give the person anything by mouth unless a heart medication (such as nitroglycerin) has been prescribed.
Call immediately for emergency medical assistance if
- If an adult or child is unresponsive or is not breathing.
- If sudden chest pain or other symptoms of a heart attack occur.