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Hemoglobin C disease

  • Definition

    Hemoglobin C disease is a blood disorder passed down through families. It leads to a type of anemia, which occurs when red blood cells break down earlier than normal.


    Alternative Names

    Clinical hemoglobin C


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Hemoglobin C is an abnormal type of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. It is a type of hemoglobinopathy. The disease is caused by problem with a gene called beta globin.

    The disease most often occurs in African Americans. You are more likely to have hemoglobin C disease if someone in your family has had it.