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Hemolytic anemia caused by chemicals and toxins

  • Definition

    Hemolytic anemia caused by chemicals and toxins is a lack of enough red blood cells due to the destruction of red blood cells triggered by exposure to certain chemicals or toxins.


    Alternative Names

    Anemia - hemolytic - caused by chemicals or toxins


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Possible substances that can cause hemolytic anemia include:

    • Anti-malaria drugs (quinine compounds)
    • Arsenic
    • Dapsone
    • Intravenous water infusion (not half-normal saline or normal saline)
    • Metals (chromium/chromates, platinum salts, nickel compounds, copper, lead, cis-platinum)
    • Nitrites
    • Nitrofurantoin
    • Phenazopyridine (Pyridium)
    • Rho immune globulin (WinRho)
    • Ribavirin
    • Snake bites (some snake venom contains hemolytic toxins)
    • Sulfonamides
    • Sulfones