Hemophilia A is a hereditary
Factor VIII deficiency
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Hemophilia A is caused by an inherited
If a woman has a defective factor VIII gene, she is considered a carrier. This means the defective gene can be passed down to her children. In a woman who carries the defective gene, any of her male children will have a 50% chance of having hemophilia A, while any of her female children will have a 50% chance of being a carrier. All female children of men with hemophilia carry the defective gene. Genetic testing is available for concerned parents.
Risk factors for hemophilia A include:
- Family history of bleeding
- Being male
Rarely, adults can develop a bleeding disorder similar to hemophilia A. This may happen after giving birth (postpartum), in people with certain autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, in people with certain types of cancer (most commonly lymphomas and leukemias), and also for unknown reasons (called "idiopathic"). Although these situations are rare, they can be associated with serious, even life-threatening bleeding.