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Hepatic ischemia

  • Definition

    Hepatic ischemia is a condition in which the liver does not get enough blood or oxygen, causing injury to liver cells.

    Alternative Names

    Ischemic hepatitis; Shock liver

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Low blood pressure from any condition can lead to hepatic ischemia. Such conditions may include:

    • Abnormal heart rhythms
    • Dehydration
    • Heart failure
    • Infection
    • Severe bleeding

    Other causes may include:

    • Blood clots in the main artery to the liver (hepatic artery) after a liver transplant
    • Swelling of blood vessels leading to reduced blood flow (vasculitis)