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Herpes esophagitis

  • Definition

    Herpes esophagitis is a viral infection that involves inflammation and ulcers in the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    The herpes simplex virus causes herpes esophagitis.

    Infection of the esophagus by the herpes simplex virus is rare in people with normal immune systems and usually runs its course without treatment. However, severe and difficult-to-treat esophagitis can occur in people with a suppressed or weakened immune system.

    The following raise your risk for herpes esophagitis:

    • HIV/AIDS
    • Chemotherapy
    • Diabetes
    • Leukemia or lymphoma
    • Organ transplants
    • Other conditions that suppress or weaken your immune system