Hiatal hernia

  • Alternative Names

    Hernia - hiatal

    • Chest pain
    • Heartburn, worse when bending over or lying down
    • Swallowing difficulty

    A hiatal hernia by itself rarely causes symptoms -- pain and discomfort are usually due to the reflux of gastric acid, air, or bile. Reflux happens more easily when there is a hiatal hernia, although a hiatal hernia is not the only cause of reflux.

    Signs and tests
    • Barium swallow x-ray
    • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)