Hernia - hiatal
Chest pain Heartburn, worse when bending over or lying down Swallowing difficulty
A hiatal hernia by itself rarely causes symptoms -- pain and discomfort are usually due to the reflux of gastric acid, air, or bile. Reflux happens more easily when there is a hiatal hernia, although a hiatal hernia is not the only cause of reflux.
Signs and tests
Barium swallow x-ray
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (