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Hospital-acquired pneumonia

  • Alternative Names

    Nosocomial pneumonia; Ventilator-associated pneumonia; Health-care associated pneumonia


    Treatment aims to cure the infection with antibiotics. An antibiotic is chosen based on the specific germ found by sputum culture.

    However, the bacteria cannot always be identified with tests. Antibiotic therapy is given to fight the most common bacteria that infect hospitalized patients, taking into account the most common bacteria in each hospital -- Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative bacteria.

    Supportive treatment includes:

    • Oxygen
    • Lung treatments to loosen and remove thick mucus from the lungs

    Support Groups

    Expectations (prognosis)

    Most patients respond to treatment and improve within 2 weeks. However, hospital-acquired pneumonia can be very severe and sometimes life-threatening.

    Patients who also have many other serious conditions do not do as well.


    Elderly or very weak patients who do not respond to treatment may die from acute respiratory failure caused by the pneumonia.