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How to make a splint

  • Alternative Names

    Splint - instructions

    First Aid

    1. Care for all wounds first before applying a splint.

    2. An injured body part should usually be splinted in the position in which it was found.

    3. Find something rigid to use as supports to make the splint such as sticks, boards, or even rolled up newspapers. If none can be found, use a rolled blanket or clothing. An injured body part can also be taped to an uninjured body part in order to prevent it from moving. For example, you can tape an injured finger to the finger next to it to keep it immobile.

    4. Extend the splint beyond the injured area in order to keep it from moving. In general, try to include the joint above and below the injury in the splint.

    5. Secure the splint with ties (belts, cloth strips, neckties, etc.), or tape above and below the injury (make sure the knots are not pressing on the injury). Avoid over-tightening which can cut off the circulation.

    6. Check the area of the injured body part frequently for swelling, paleness, or numbness. If necessary, loosen the splint.

    7. Seek professional medical attention.

    Do Not

    DO NOT make any attempts to change the position of, or realign an injured body part. Be careful when you place a split to avoid causing more injuries. Be sure to pad the splint well to avoid putting extra pressure on the injured limb.

    If the injury is more painful after placing the splint, remove the splint and seek medical assistance immediately.

    Call immediately for emergency medical assistance if

    If an injury occurs while in a remote area, call for emergency medical assistance as soon as possible. In the meantime, give first aid to the patient.

    The following require immediate medical help:

    • Bone that is sticking through the skin
    • Loss of feeling (sensation)
    • Loss of pulse or a feeling of warmth beyond the injured site

    If any of these situations occur and medical assistance is not available, and the injured part looks to be abnormally bent, gently replacing the injured part back into its normal position may improve the circulation.