Hypercalcemia

  • Symptoms

    Abdominal:

    • Constipation
    • Nausea
    • Pain
    • Poor appetite
    • Vomiting

    Kidney:

    • Flank pain
    • Frequent thirst
    • Frequent urination

    Muscular:

    • Muscle twitches
    • Weakness

    Psychological:

    • Apathy
    • Dementia
    • Depression
    • Irritability
    • Memory loss

    Skeletal:

    • Bone pain
    • Bowing of the shoulders
    • Fractures due to disease (pathological fractures)
    • Loss of height
    • Spinal column curvature

    Signs and tests
    • Serum calcium
    • Serum PTH
    • Serum PTHrP (PTH-related protein)
    • Serum vitamin D level
    • Urine calcium