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Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis

  • Alternative Names

    Periodic paralysis - hyperkalemic


    Prevention

    A medicine called acetazolamide prevents attacks in many cases. Thiazide diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide are also effective and have fewer side effects than acetazolamide. A low potassium, high carbohydrate diet may also help prevent attacks, as may avoiding fasting, strenuous activity, or cold temperatures.


    References

    Barohn RJ. Muscle diseases. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 447.