Encyclopedia Home / H / Hypomagnesemia


  • Definition

    Hypomagnesemia means low levels of magnesium in the blood.

    Alternative Names

    Low blood magnesium; Magnesium - low

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Several conditions can cause hypomagnesemia, including:

    • Alcoholism
    • Chronic diarrhea
    • High blood calcium levels (hypercalcemia)
    • Hyperaldosteronism
    • Malabsorption syndromes, such as celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease
    • Malnutrition
    • Medications including amphotericin, cisplatin, cyclosporine, diuretics, and aminoglycoside antibiotics
    • Excessive urination (polyuria), such as in uncontrolled diabetes and during recovery from acute kidney failure
    • Sweating