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Hypovolemic shock

  • Alternative Names

    Shock - hypovolemic


    Symptoms
    • Anxiety or agitation
    • Cool, clammy skin
    • Confusion
    • Decreased or no urine output
    • General weakness
    • Pale skin color (pallor)
    • Rapid breathing
    • Sweating, moist skin
    • Unconsciousness

    The greater and more rapid the blood loss, the more severe the symptoms of shock.


    Signs and tests

    An examination shows signs of shock, including:

    • Low blood pressure
    • Low body temperature
    • Rapid pulse, often weak and thready

    Tests that may be done include:

    • Blood chemistry, including kidney function tests
    • Complete blood count (CBC)
    • CT scan, ultrasound, or x-ray of suspected areas
    • Echocardiogram
    • Endoscopy
    • Right heart (Swan-Ganz) catheterization
    • Urinary catheterization (tube placed into the bladder to measure urine output)