Autoimmune hemolytic anemia; Anemia - idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic
The first therapy tried is usually a steroid medication, such as prednisone. If steroid medications do not improve the condition, removal of the spleen (
Therapy to suppress the immune system is usually given if the person does not respond to steroids and splenectomy. Medications such as azathioprine (Imuran), cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), and rituximab (Rituxan) have been used.
Blood transfusions are given with caution, because of the potential that blood may not be compatible and may cause further hemolysis.
Adults may have long-term disease that keeps returning. In children the anemia is usually short-lived.
- Infection (as a complication of treatment)
- Severe anemia
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you notice symptoms of anemia.