Increased intracranial pressure
ICP; Intracranial pressure - increased; Intracranial hypertension; Acute increased intracranial pressure; Sudden increased intracranial pressure
- Bulging of the soft spot on top of the head (bulging fontanelle)
Older children and adults:
- Behavior changes
- Neurological problems
Signs and tests
A health care provider will usually make this diagnosis at the patient's bedside in an emergency room or hospital. Primary care doctors may sometimes spot early symptoms of increased intracranial pressure such as headache, seizures, or neurological problems.
MRIor CT scanof the head can often determine the cause and confirm the diagnosis.
Intracranial pressure may be measured during a
spinal tap(lumbar puncture). It can also be measured directly by using a device that is drilled through the skull or a tube (catheter) that is inserted inside the brain.