Encyclopedia Home / I / Infectious endocarditis

Infectious endocarditis

  • Alternative Names

    Endocarditis - infectious


    Treatment

    You will be admitted to the hospital so you can receive antibiotics through a vein. Long-term, high-dose antibiotic treatment is needed to get rid of the bacteria. Treatment is usually given for 4 - 6 weeks, depending on the specific type of bacteria. Blood tests will help your doctor choose the best antibiotic.

    Surgery may be needed to replace damaged heart valves.


    Support Groups


    Expectations (prognosis)

    Early treatment of bacterial endocarditis generally has a good outcome. Heart valves may be damaged if diagnosis and treatment are delayed.


    Complications
    • Blood clots or emboli that travel to brain, kidneys, lungs, or abdomen
    • Brain abscess
    • Congestive heart failure
    • Glomerulonephritis
    • Jaundice
    • Neurological changes
    • Rapid or irregular heartbeats, including atrial fibrillation
    • Severe valve damage
    • Stroke

    Calling your health care provider

    Call your health care provider if you note the following symptoms during or after treatment:

    • Weight loss without change in diet
    • Blood in urine
    • Chest pain
    • Weakness
    • Numbness or weakness of muscles
    • Fever