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Infectious endocarditis

  • Alternative Names

    Endocarditis - infectious


    You will be admitted to the hospital so you can receive antibiotics through a vein. Long-term, high-dose antibiotic treatment is needed to get rid of the bacteria. Treatment is usually given for 4 - 6 weeks, depending on the specific type of bacteria. Blood tests will help your doctor choose the best antibiotic.

    Surgery may be needed to replace damaged heart valves.

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    Expectations (prognosis)

    Early treatment of bacterial endocarditis generally has a good outcome. Heart valves may be damaged if diagnosis and treatment are delayed.

    • Blood clots or emboli that travel to brain, kidneys, lungs, or abdomen
    • Brain abscess
    • Congestive heart failure
    • Glomerulonephritis
    • Jaundice
    • Neurological changes
    • Rapid or irregular heartbeats, including atrial fibrillation
    • Severe valve damage
    • Stroke

    Calling your health care provider

    Call your health care provider if you note the following symptoms during or after treatment:

    • Weight loss without change in diet
    • Blood in urine
    • Chest pain
    • Weakness
    • Numbness or weakness of muscles
    • Fever