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Lactic acidosis

  • Definition

    Lactic acidosis is when lactic acid builds ups in the bloodstream faster than it can be removed. Lactic acid is produced when oxygen levels in the body drop.

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    The most common cause of lactic acidosis is intense exercise. However, it can also be caused by certain diseases, such as:

    • AIDS
    • Cancer
    • Kidney failure
    • Respiratory failure
    • Sepsis

    Metformin, a common medicine used to treat diabetes, can also cause lactic acidosis. People taking this medicine should have their electrolyte levels checked 1 - 2 weeks after starting it.