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Macular degeneration - age-related

  • Alternative Names

    Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD); AMD; senile macular degeneration (SMD) is an older name that is no longer in common use.


    Although there is no known way to prevent macular degeneration, lifestyle factors can reduce your risk of developing the condition:

    • Don't smoke
    • Eat a healthy diet that is high in fruits and vegetables and low in animal fat
    • Exercise regularly
    • Maintain a healthy weight

    See your eye care professional regularly for dilated eye exams.


    Benson WE. Acquired macular disease. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Duane's Ophthalmology. 15th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins;2009:chap 23.

    Gohel PS, Mandava N, Olson JL, Durairaj VD. Age-related macular degeneration: an update on treatment. Am J Med. 2008;121(4):279-281.

    Facts About Age-Related Macular Degeneration. The National Eye Institute (NEI). National Institute of Health. Reviewed September 2009. Accessed July 15, 2010.

    Rosenfeld PJ, Martidis A, Tennant MTS. Age-related macular degeneration. In: Yanoff M, Duker JS, eds. Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo:Mosby Elsevier;2008:chap 6.27.