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Mediastinal tumor

  • Alternative Names

    Thymoma - mediastinal; Lymphoma - mediastinal


    Almost half of mediastinal tumors cause no symptoms and are found on a chest x-ray performed for another reason. Symptoms that do occur are due to pressure on (compression of) local structures and may include:

    • Chest pain
    • Chills
    • Cough
    • Coughing up blood (hemoptysis)
    • Fever
    • Hoarseness
    • Night sweats
    • Shortness of breath

    Signs and tests

    A medical history and physical examination may show:

    • Fever
    • High-pitched breathing sound (stridor)
    • Swollen or tender lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy)
    • Unintentional weight loss
    • Wheezing

    Further testing may include:

    • Chest x-ray
    • CT-guided needle biopsy
    • CT scan of the chest
    • Mediastinoscopy with biopsy
    • MRI of the chest