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Mediastinal tumor

  • Alternative Names

    Thymoma - mediastinal; Lymphoma - mediastinal


    Treatment for mediastinal tumors depends on the type of tumor.

    • For thymic cancers, surgery is the treatment of choice. It may be followed by radiation or chemotherapy, depending on the stage of the tumor and the success of the surgery.
    • For lymphomas, chemotherapy followed by radiation is the treatment of choice.
    • For neurogenic tumors of the posterior mediastinum, surgery is the treatment of choice.

    Support Groups

    Expectations (prognosis)

    The outcome depends on the type of tumor. Different tumors respond differently to chemotherapy and radiation.


    Complications of mediastinal tumors include:

    • Spinal cord compression
    • Spread to nearby structures such as the heart, lining around the heart (pericardium), and great vessels (aorta and vena cava)

    Radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy can all have serious complications.

    Calling your health care provider

    Call your health care provider if you notice symptoms of a mediastinal tumor.