Encyclopedia Home / M / Meningitis - cryptococcal

Meningitis - cryptococcal

  • Definition

    Cryptococcal meningitis is a fungal infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).

    See also:

    • Aseptic meningitis
    • Meningitis - Gram-negative
    • Meningitis - H. influenzae
    • Meningitis - meningococcal
    • Meningitis - pneumococcal
    • Meningitis - staphylococcal
    • Meningitis - tuberculous

    Alternative Names

    Cryptococcal meningitis


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Cryptococcal meningitis is caused by the fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. This fungus is found in soil around the world.

    Cryptococcal meningitis most often affects people with a weakened immune system. Risk factors include:

    • AIDS
    • Diabetes
    • Lymphoma

    In people with a normal immune system and no chronic illnesses, it is a rare condition.