Encyclopedia Home / M / Meningitis - pneumococcal

Meningitis - pneumococcal

  • Definition

    Pneumococcal meningitis is an infection that causes swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).

    See also:

    • Aseptic meningitis
    • Meningitis
    • Meningitis - cryptococcal
    • Meningitis - Gram-negative
    • Meningitis - H. influenzae
    • Meningitis - meningococcal
    • Meningitis - staphylococcal
    • Meningitis - tuberculous

    Alternative Names

    Pneumococcal meningitis

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Pneumococcal meningitis is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (also called pneumococcus). The bacteria is the most common cause of bacterial meningitis in adults, and the second most common cause of meningitis in children older than age 2.

    Risk factors include:

    • Alcohol use
    • Diabetes
    • History of meningitis
    • Infection of a heart valve
    • Injury or trauma to the head
    • Meningitis in which there is leakage of spinal fluid
    • Recent ear infection
    • Recent pneumonia
    • Recent upper respiratory infection
    • Spleen removal