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Meningitis - tuberculous

  • Definition

    Tuberculous meningitis is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).

    See also:

    • Meningitis
    • Meningitis - cryptococcal
    • Meningitis - Gram-negative
    • Meningitis - H. influenzae
    • Meningitis - meningococcal
    • Meningitis - pneumococcal
    • Meningitis - staphylococcal

    Alternative Names

    Tubercular meningitis; TB meningitis

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Tuberculous meningitis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that cause tuberculosis. The bacteria spread to the brain from another site in the body.

    Risk factors include a history of:

    • AIDS
    • Excessive alcohol use
    • Pulmonary tuberculosis
    • Weakened immune system

    Tuberculous meningitis is a very rare disorder in the U.S.