Migraine

  • Alternative Names

    Headache - migraine


    Prevention

    Understanding your headache triggers can help you avoid foods and situations that cause your migraines. Keep a headache diary to help identify the source or trigger of your symptoms. Then modify your environment or habits to avoid future headaches.

    Other tips for preventing migraines include:

    • Avoid smoking
    • Avoid alcohol
    • Avoid artificial sweeteners and other known food-related triggers
    • Get regular exercise
    • Get plenty of sleep each night
    • Learn to relax and reduce stress -- some patients have found that biofeedback and self-hypnosis helps reduce the number of migraine attacks

    References

    Wilson JF. In the clinic: migraine. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147(9):ITC11-1-ITC11-16.

    Ebell MH. Diagnosis of migraine headache. Am Fam Physician. 2006;74(12):2087-2088.

    Detsky ME, McDonald DR, et al. Does this patient with headache have a migraine or need neuroimaging? JAMA. 2006;296(10):1274-1283.

    Loder E. Triptan therapy in migraine. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 1;363(1): 63-70.

    Silberstein SD, Young WB. Headache and facial pain. In: Goetz CG. Textbook of Clinical Neurology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: WB Saunders; 2007:chap. 53.