Mucormycosis

  • Alternative Names

    Zygomycosis


    Symptoms

    Symptoms of rhinocerebral mucormycosis include:

    • Eye swelling and protrusion (proptosis)
    • Dark nasal eschar (scabbing)
    • Fever
    • Headache
    • Redness of skin overlying sinuses
    • Sinus pain or congestion

    Symptoms of lung (pulmonary) mucormycosis include:

    • Cough
    • Coughing blood (occasionally)
    • Fever
    • Shortness of breath

    Symptoms of gastrointestinal mucormycosis include:

    • Abdominal pain
    • Vomiting blood

    Symptoms of kidney (renal) mucormycosis include:

    • Fever
    • Flank (side) pain

    Symptoms of skin (cutaneous) mucormycosis include a single, painful, hardened area of skin that may have a blackened center.


    Signs and tests

    Mucormycosis should be suspected if symptoms appear in individuals with weakened immune systems, such as organ transplant recipients. Symptoms of rhinocerebral mucormycosis are most likely to occur among immunosuppressed people.

    Depending on where the symptoms are, CT scans or MRIs may be done. Evaluation by an ear-nose-throat specialist is recommended if sinus involvement is suspected.

    A tissue specimen must be taken and analyzed in order to make a definitive diagnosis of mucormycosis.


Images

Fungus