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Muscular dystrophy

  • Definition

    Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited disorders that involve muscle weakness and loss of muscle tissue, which get worse over time.


    Alternative Names

    Inherited myopathy, MD


    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Muscular dystrophies, or MD, are a group of inherited conditions, which means they are passed down through families. They may occur in childhood or adulthood. There are many different types of muscular dystrophy. They include:

    • Becker muscular dystrophy
    • Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    • Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy
    • Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy
    • Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy
    • Myotonia congenita
    • Myotonic dystrophy