Encyclopedia Home / P / Parathyroid adenoma

Parathyroid adenoma

  • Symptoms

    Many people have no symptoms. The condition is often discovered accidentally when blood tests are done for another medical reason.

    Symptoms that may occur include the following:

    • Bone fractures
    • Confusion
    • Constipation
    • Kidney stones
    • Lethargy
    • Muscle pain
    • Nausea

    Signs and tests

    Blood tests are done to check the levels of parathyroid hormone, calcium, phosphorus, chloride, and bicarbonate.

    A 24-urine test is done to check for increased calcium in the urine.

    Other tests include:

    • Bone density exam
    • Kidney x-rays (may show kidney stones)
    • MRI or sestamibi neck scan (may show swelling of the parathyroid glands)
    • Neck ultrasound
    • Kidney ultrasound or CT (may show kidney stones)