A peptic ulcer is erosion in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, an area called the duodenum.
If the peptic ulcer is located in the stomach it is called a gastric ulcer.
Gastritis Gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD)
Ulcer - peptic; Ulcer - duodenal; Ulcer - gastric; Duodenal ulcer; Gastric ulcer; Dyspepsia - ulcers
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Normally, the lining of the stomach and small intestines are protected against the irritating acids produced in your stomach. If this protective lining stops working correctly, and the lining breaks down, it results in inflammation (
Most ulcers occur in the first layer of the inner lining. A hole that goes all the way through the stomach or duodenum is called a perforation. A perforation is a medical emergency.
The most common cause of such damage is infection of the stomach by bacteria called
The following also raise your risk for peptic ulcers:
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Regular use of aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Taking aspirin or NSAIDs once in awhile is safe for most people.
- Smoking cigarettes or chewing tobacco
- Being very ill, such as being on a breathing machine
- Radiation treatments
A rare condition called
Many people believe that stress causes ulcers. It is not clear if this is true, at least for everyday stress at home.