The cause of pericarditis must be identified, if possible.
- Antibiotics for bacterial pericarditis
- Antifungal medications for fungal pericarditis
- Aspirin or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) such as ibuprofen for inflammation of the pericardium
- Corticosteroids such as prednisone (in some patients)
If the buildup of fluid in the pericardium makes the heart function poorly or produces
If the pericarditis is
Pericarditis can range from mild cases that get better on their own to life-threatening cases. The condition can be complicated by significant fluid buildup around the heart and poor heart function.
The outcome is good if the disorder is treated promptly. Most people recover in 2 weeks to 3 months. However, pericarditis may come back.
- Cardiac tamponade
- Constrictive pericarditis, which may develop into
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you experience the symptoms of pericarditis. This disorder can be life threatening if untreated.