The goal of treatment is to cure the infection.
- Antibiotics to treat bacterial infections
Analgesicsto relieve pain
- Aspirin, ibuprofen, or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) to relieve inflammation of the pericardium
- Diuretics to remove excess fluid
Bedrest with the head of the bed raised may reduce the workload on the heart.
Other treatments include:
- Cutting a small hole (window) in the pericardium (subxiphoid pericardiotomy) to allow infected fluid to drain
- Draining fluid from the pericardial sac (
pericardiocentesis) to prevent or treat cardiac tamponade
- Pericardial stripping or removing part of the pericardium (surgical pericardiectomy) if bacterial pericarditis is
chronicor comes back
The disorder may be life-threatening if untreated. The outcome is good if bacterial pericarditis is treated promptly. Most people recover completely with treatment.
- Cardiac tamponade
heart failure Pulmonary edema
Calling your health care provider