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Peritonitis - spontaneous

  • Alternative Names

    Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP)


    Treatment depends on the cause of the peritonitis.

    • Surgery may be needed if peritonitis is caused by a foreign object, such as a catheter used in peritoneal dialysis.
    • Antibiotics may control infection in cases of spontaneous peritonitis with liver or kidney disease.
    • Intravenous therapy can treat dehydration.

    You may need to stay in the hospital so health care providers can rule out other causes of peritonitis, such as appendicitis and diverticulitis.

    Support Groups

    Expectations (prognosis)

    The infection can usually be treated. However, kidney or liver disease may limit recovery.

    • Hepatic encephalopathy
    • Hepatorenal syndrome
    • Sepsis

    Calling your health care provider

    Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of peritonitis. This can quickly become an emergency situation.