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Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia

  • Alternative Names

    Pneumocystosis; PCP; Pneumocystis carinii


    Pneumocystis pneumonia in those with AIDS usually develops slowly over days to weeks or even months, and is less severe. People with pneumocystis pneumonia who do not have AIDS usually get sick faster and are more acutely ill.

    Symptoms include:

    • Cough -- often mild and dry
    • Fever
    • Rapid breathing
    • Shortness of breath -- especially with activity (exertion)

    Signs and tests
    • Blood gases
    • Bronchoscopy (with lavage)
    • Lung biopsy
    • X-ray of the chest
    • Sputum exam to check for fungus that causes the infection