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Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia

  • Alternative Names

    Pneumocystosis; PCP; Pneumocystis carinii


    Antibiotics can be given by mouth (orally) or through a vein (intravenously), depending on the severity of the illness.

    People with low oxygen levels and moderate to severe disease are often prescribed corticosteroids as well.

    Support Groups

    Expectations (prognosis)

    Pneumocystis pneumonia can be life threatening, causing respiratory failure that can lead to death. People with this condition need early and effective treatment. For moderate to severe pneumocystis pneumonia in people with AIDS, the short term use of corticosteroids has decreased death.

    • Pleural effusion (extremely rare)
    • Pneumothorax (collapsed lung)
    • Respiratory failure (may require breathing support)

    Calling your health care provider

    If you have a weakened immune system due to AIDS, cancer, transplantation, or corticosteroid use, call your doctor if you develop a cough, fever, or shortness of breath.

    Many infections can lead to similar symptoms. Your health care provider can help rule out opportunistic infections such as pneumocystis.