Bronchopneumonia; Community-acquired pneumonia
The most common symptoms of pneumonia are:
Cough(with some pneumonias you may cough up greenish or yellow mucus, or even bloody mucus)
Fever, which may be mild or high
- Shaking chills
Shortness of breath(may only occur when you climb stairs)
Additional symptoms include:
Confusion, especially in older people
- Excessive sweating and clammy skin
Loss of appetite, low energy, and fatigue
- Sharp or stabbing chest pain that gets worse when you breathe deeply or cough
Signs and tests
If you have pneumonia, you may be working hard to breathe, or breathing fast.
Crackles are heard when listening to your chest with a stethoscope. Other abnormal breathing sounds may also be heard through the stethoscope or via percussion (tapping on your chest wall).
The health care provider will likely order a chest x-ray if pneumonia is suspected.
Some patients may need other tests, including:
Arterial blood gasesto see if enough oxygen is getting into your blood from the lungs
CBCto check white blood cell count
CT scan of the chest
- Gram's stain and
culture of your sputumto look for the organism causing your symptoms
Pleural fluid cultureif there is fluid in the space surrounding the lungs