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Polycythemia vera

  • Alternative Names

    Primary polycythemia; Polycythemia rubra vera; Myeloproliferative disorder; Erythremia; Splenomegalic polycythemia; Vaquez's disease; Osler's disease; Polycythemia with chronic cyanosis - Myelopathic polycythemia; Erythrocytosis megalosplenica; Cryptogenic polycythemia

    • Breathing difficulty when lying down
    • Dizziness
    • Fullness in the left upper abdomen
    • Headache
    • Itchiness, especially after a warm bath
    • Red coloring, especially of the face
    • Shortness of breath
    • Symptoms of phlebitis

    Note: Symptoms are due to increased blood thickness and clotting.

    Other symptoms that may occur with this disease:

    • Bluish skin discoloration
    • Fatigue
    • Red skin spots
    • Vision problems

    Signs and tests

    The health care provider will perform a physical exam. Tests that may be done include:

    • Bone marrow biopsy
    • Blood volume
    • Chemistry panel
    • Complete blood count with differential
    • Erythropoietin level
    • Genetic test
    • Vitamin B12 level

    This disease may also affect the results of the following tests:

    • ESR
    • Lactate dehydrogenase
    • Leukocyte alkaline phosphatase
    • Platelet aggregation test
    • Serum uric acid