Encyclopedia Home / P / Primary hyperparathyroidism

Primary hyperparathyroidism

  • Alternative Names

    Parathyroid-related hypercalcemia; Hyperparathyroidism - primary

    • Decreased height
    • Depression
    • Fatigue
    • Fractures
    • Increased urination
    • Kidney stones
    • Loss of appetite
    • Muscle weakness and pain
    • Nausea
    • Personality changes
    • Upper abdominal pain
    • Stupor and possibly coma

    Signs and tests

    Blood tests will be done to check for increased levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, and alkaline phosphatase, and lower levels of phosphorus.

    Bone x-rays and a bone mineral density test can help detect bone loss, fractures, or bone softening.

    X-rays, ultrasound, or CT scans of the kidneys or urinary tract may show calcium deposits or a blockage.