Treatment often includes use of dopamine-agonist medications (bromocriptine or cabergoline), which lower levels of prolactin. In severe cases (very large or unresponsive tumors), surgery or radiation may be necessary.
Most prolactinomas respond well to medication. However, permanent visual loss or hypopituitarism (lowered function of the pituitary gland) may occur.
Complications include visual loss and infertility. Some people experience nasal congestion, dizziness with standing, nausea, and fatigue, which may be side effects of dopamine-agonist medications.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you have any symptoms of prolactinoma.