Idiopathic intracranial hypertension; Benign intracranial hypertension
Treatment must be directed at the specific cause of the pseudotumor.
Other treatments may include:
- Fluid or salt restrictions
- Medications such as corticosteroids, glycerol, acetazolamide, and furosemide
- Shunting procedures to relieve pressure due to spinal fluid retention
- Surgery to relieve pressure on the optic nerve
- Weight loss
The patient will need their vision closely monitored, since there is potential for progressive and sometimes permanent visual loss. Follow-up MRI or CT scans may be done to rule out hidden cancer.
Sometimes the condition disappears on its own within 6 months. About 10-20% of persons have their symptoms return. A small number of patients have symptoms that slowly get worse and lead to blindness.
Vision loss is a serious complication of this condition.
Calling your health care provider
Call your health care provider if you or your child experience the symptoms listed above.