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Renal cell carcinoma

  • Definition

    Renal cell carcinoma is a type of kidney cancer in which the cancerous cells are found in the lining of very small tubes (tubules) in the kidney.

    Alternative Names

    Renal cancer; Kidney cancer; Hypernephroma; Adenocarcinoma of renal cells; Cancer - kidney

    Causes, incidence, and risk factors

    Renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. It occurs most often in men ages 50 - 70.

    The exact cause is unknown.

    Risk factors include:

    • Dialysis treatment
    • Family history of the disease
    • Genetics
    • High blood pressure
    • Horseshoe kidney
    • Smoking
    • Von Hippel-Lindau disease (a hereditary disease that affects the capillaries of the brain, eyes, and other body parts)