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Sensorimotor polyneuropathy

  • Alternative Names

    Polyneuropathy - sensorimotor

    • Decreased feeling in any area of the body
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Difficulty using the arms or hands
    • Difficulty using the legs or feet
    • Difficulty walking
    • Pain, burning, tingling, or abnormal feeling in any area of the body (called neuralgia)
    • Weakness of the face, arms, or legs, or any area of the body

    Symptoms may develop quickly (as in Guillain-Barre syndrome) or slowly over weeks to years. Symptoms usually occur on both sides of the body. Most often, they start at the ends of the toes first.

    Signs and tests

    An exam may show:

    • Decreased feeling (may affect touch, pain, vibration, or position sensation)
    • Diminished reflexes (ankle most commonly)
    • Muscle atrophy
    • Muscle twitches (fasciculations)
    • Muscle weakness
    • Paralysis

    Tests may include:

    • Biopsy
    • Blood tests
    • Electrical test of the muscles (EMG)
    • Electrical test of nerve conduction
    • X-rays or other imaging tests