Short bowel syndrome is a condition in which nutrients are not properly absorbed (
Small intestine insufficiency
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
When areas of the small intestine are removed by surgery, or they are missing due to a birth defect (congenital defect), there may not be enough surface area left in the remaining bowel to absorb enough nutrients from food.
This condition is likely to develop when one-half or more of the bowel is removed during surgery. Risk factors include diseases of the small intestine that may require surgery, such as