A solitary pulmonary nodule is a round or oval spot (lesion) in the lungs that is seen with a
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
More than half of all solitary pulmonary are noncancerous (benign). Benign nodules have many causes, including old scars and infections.
You have a greater risk for developing a solitary pulmonary nodule if you have:
Tuberculosisor been exposed to TB
- Infectious lung diseases caused by fungus, such as:
Histoplasmosis Coccidioidomycosis Cryptococcosis Aspergillosis
However, the above conditions makes it more likely that the solitary pulmonary nodule is noncancerous.
Young age, history of not smoking, calcium in the lesion, and small lesion size are factors associated with a noncancerous diagnosis.
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancerous (malignant) pulmonary nodules.