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Spasmodic dysphonia

  • Alternative Names

    Dysphonia - spasmodic


    The voice is usually hoarse or grating. It may waver and pause. The voice may sound strained or strangled, and it may seem as if the speaker has to use extra effort (known as adductor dysphonia).

    Sometimes, the voice is whispery or breathy (abductor dysphonia).

    Some people will find that the problem goes away when they laugh, whisper, speak in a high-pitched voice, sing, or shout.

    Some patients will have muscle tone problems in other parts of the body (such as writer's cramp).

    Signs and tests