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Toxic megacolon

  • Alternative Names

    Toxic dilation of the colon; Megarectum


    Prevention

    Treatment of the underlying disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, is important to prevent toxic megacolon.


    References

    Stenson WF. Inflammatory bowel disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 144.

    Peterson MA. Disorders of the large intestine. In: Marx JA, ed. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2009:chap 93.

    Marrero F. Severe complications of inflammatory bowel disease. Med Clin North Am. 2008;92:671-686.