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Toxic shock syndrome

  • Alternative Names

    Staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome


    Any foreign materials, such as tampons, vaginal sponges, or nasal packing, will be removed. Sites of infection (such as a surgical wound) will be drained.

    The goal of treatment is to maintain important body functions. This may include:

    • Antibiotics for any infection (may be given through an IV)
    • Dialysis (if severe kidney problems are present)
    • Fluids through a vein (IV)
    • Methods to control blood pressure
    • Intravenous gamma globulin may help in severe cases

    Support Groups

    Expectations (prognosis)

    Toxic shock syndrome may be deadly in up to 50% of cases. The condition may return in those that survive.

    • Severe organ dysfunction
      • Kidney failure
      • Heart failure
      • Liver failure
    • Shock

    Calling your health care provider

    Toxic shock syndrome is a medical emergency. Seek immediate medical attention if you develop a rash, fever, and feel ill, particularly during menstruation and tampon use or if you have had recent surgery.