Trench mouth

  • Alternative Names

    Vincent's stomatitis; Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

    • Bad breath
    • Crater-like ulcers between the teeth
    • Fever
    • Foul taste in the mouth
    • Gums appear reddened and swollen
    • Grayish film on the gums
    • Painful gums
    • Profuse gum bleeding in response to any pressure or irritation

    Note: Symptoms often begin suddenly.

    Signs and tests

    The health care provider will look at your mouth for signs of trench mouth:

    • Crater-like ulcers filled with plaque and food debris
    • Destruction of gum tissue around the teeth
    • Inflamed gums

    There may be a gray film caused by broken down (decomposed) gum tissue. Occasionally, there may be fever and swollen lymph nodes of the head and neck.

    Dental x-rays or x-rays of the face may be done to determine how severe the infection is and how much tissue has been destroyed.

    This disease may also be tested for by a throat swab culture.